Diamond Anatomy

Each diamond cut consists of a set of shared facets that constitute its anatomy. Depending on the shape of a diamond, these facets may vary in where they are positioned and how they are proportioned, but they are present in every diamond and their measurements all factor into determining a diamond's cut grade.

Diameter: The width of the diamond from each of its farthest points.

Table: The flat area at the surface of the diamond.

Crown: Top portion of the diamond that sits below the table and extends to the girdle.

Girdle: Outer edge of the diamond that defines its diameter and is the meeting point between the crown and the pavilion.

Pavilion: Lower portion of the diamond that sits below the girdle and extends to the culet.

Culet: The bottom tip of the diamond at the base of the pavilion.

Depth: Distance from the table to the culet. Alternatively, we can separate “crown depth” from “pavilion depth” by measuring the distance from the top edge of the girdle to the table and from the bottom edge of the girdle to the culet, respectively.